Ulcinj is situated on the very south of the Adriatic coast and on the same latitude as Barcelona and Rome. It is recognized for its biggest number of sunny days on the Adriatic Sea along with Hvar.
Since the ancient Illyrian settlement dating back to the Bronze Age (which can be proved by many archeological sites) through the first written monuments, after the Illyrian-Roman war and up to the present, Ulcinj has always been a target for the Greeks, Romans and a significant episcope centre with 365 churches (as many as days in a year), in the episcope town Svatch (Shas), then the Turks, the pirate nest defying all the sea empires on the Mediterranean of the time, until the arrival of tourists from all over Europe and the world. Ulcinj is a historical-tourist mosaic.
With approximately 20 km of beaches, 15 km of them being fine sandy beaches, with over 6,000 ha of fertile soil, with its olive grove counting 88,000 trees, the healing effects of the sand, mud and mineral sulfur water (which were highly evaluated by both domestic and foreign experts and institutions), Ulcinj presents a respected economic-tourist potential for developing of every kind of tourism (elite, nautical and health), as well as of agriculture as a comparing branch.
Ulcinj is located on the very south of the Adriatic coast. This area streches between 19*22’30”and 19*8’30” and 41*5’6” of the northern latitude and it belongs to the edge of the subtropical European Mediterannean climate. With its southern part it borders along 30 km with the river Bojana. In its central part there is Lake Shas and in the hinterland of this area there is the mountain massif of Rumija. The total area of 255 sq km is a unique example of beauty: the never-ending sandy beaches , the sea, the river, the lake, the mountains, the lush vegetation…
The area of Ulcinj belongs to the Adriatic kind of the Mediterannean climate and it is known for its subtropical vegetation. Ulcinj has got an extremely pleasant climate, so that in this way it can be compared to the most known Mediterranean tourist centres. Ulcinj is both an excellent summer and winter resort. The average annual temperature is 16C and thus it is waremr than a lot of other coastal towns. Although summers are hot, there are not many overheated days due to the constant air flow. The coldest month is certainly January with the average temperature of 8.6C, and the hottest is July with 26.3C. The daily average temperature taken at one o’clock is 18.5C.
The average temperature during the four seasons would be as follows: winter 9.6C, spring 14.5C, summer 24.4C, autumn 17.5C. The absolutely highest temperature is 38.5C in July, and the absolutely lowest temperature is 8.4C in January. The temperature in Ulcinj is convenient for sunbathing and swimming which can be done during 6 months, from May to October , and during that time the sea temperature is also very convenient.
Insolation. Ulcinj belongs to the sunniest places on the Adriatic coast. The average level of annual insolation in Ulcinj is 218 days, and this is approximately 2,706 hours per year or 7.4 hours /day. During summer Ulcinj has got the biggest number of sunny hours – 11 hours per day. The southern coastline, with Ulcinj as part of it, is considered to be the clearest area of the Mediterranean.
The most frequent winds here are „bura“ (tempest), „jugo“ (south wind), and „maestral“ (light wind coming from the sea). „The Bura“ blows from north-east during late autumn and winter and it is considered to be a cold wind. „The Yugo“ blows in autumn, winter, spring and it brings rain, and on the sea it makes huge waves. „The Maestral“ comes from west and south-west, it is a pleasant wind as it brings refreshment after the heat during the hottest summer hours. It is most intensive between 2 p.m and 3 p.m. when it reaches the speed of 10m/sec. Thanks to „The Maestral“ there are not many sweltering and overheated days. The average amount of precipitation is 1344mm/sqm and it is made of just rainfalls.